Overview of Nepal British Education System
Britain, also known as the United Kingdom, is an independent island nation in the northwest of Europe. Britain made up of the Island of Great Britain, England, Wales, Northern Ireland and Scotland.
The British education system has five stages: early years, primary years, secondary education, Further Education (FE) and Higher Education (HE). A British child is supposed to join the school from 5 years up to 16 years. It is a compulsory education stage. To go further is upon your choice.
The early year’s education or pre-school is optional before joining the primary school at four or five, and it is part time-based.
The primary school split into age, infant or junior stages. Children are tested and benchmarked regularly with national exams done every year. The curriculum encourages literacy and numeracy. After secondary school at 16, the child can choose to stay for further education, choose a vocational training or leave education entirely. Here, there are some structure variations and depends on location.
All the compulsory levels are free except for miscellaneous fees like building repairs, academic trips, costs of uniform, school materials and transport.
The UK has international and private schools with varying fees and admission structures different from state schools. Most schools set their calendar to fit their schedules, but the state has set the school year to run from September to December with two weeks’ break for Christmas. Schools reopen in January through to March or April for Easter holiday. They break before summer term, which runs until mid-July. Schools take a half-term break halfway in each time and close for holidays. Comprehensive schools integrate students from an area without selection based on ability and help them learn and develop.
Characteristics of the British Education System
- Critical Thinking:
The curriculum encourages the importance of developing problem-solving and thinking skills at an early age. They have communication and technology facilities like laboratory, computer rooms and interactive whiteboards in each classroom.
- Future Learning:
Though the curriculum emphasises personal growth and learning abilities, the young student can adapt to changes without fear of restraint and develop the stamina to face the challenges of the 21st century. They become respectful, work hard to excel, become responsible and love peace.
- It Should Offer Personal Development
The British education system focus on developing the entire personality. Learning is not enough. The structure of 5-16 and later to higher education or vocational training lead mostly to A level qualification. Students bond over similar interests through clubs and sports and regularly visit the Student Union for fun events. In class, lectures are incorporated with tutorials, teaching groups, interactive discussions, and a full course is a couple of few classes. Mostly they have mock classes.
- International Standards
The world recognises and respects the British education. It is transferable, and student can move to places and in the country smoothly. Student travel to other continents with a student passport and this exposure works magic in class.
- Affordable Higher Education Costs
The cost of education in a public university in Britain is relatively inexpensive compared to other private schools. It encourages most students to pursue it and those who leave with a balance; it is usually small and affordable to clean afterwards.
Nepal Education System Overview
Nepal is an officially democratic country in South Asia. It is in the Himalayas and also includes part of the Indo-Gangetic Plain. It is landlocked and has the eight of the world’s ten tallest mountains, including Mt. Everest. Its capital is Kathmandu with Nepali as the official language. Nepali is a multiethnic country. Nepal has years of self-isolation hence has become one of the least developed nations in the world.
Preschool learning does not form an integral part of the formal education system. The few facilities established to cater for the demand range from simple daycare centres operated by semiskilled tutors and ayahs to modernised but private playgrounds managed by trained teachers and nurses.
In Primary, Nepal has four levels, and the child will spend 12 years up to higher secondary level. Entry to higher education level, except for technical programs like medicine is not significantly restricted. It gives pressure to human resources and drains the physical resources causing the quality of education given low.
Nepal offers free education in primary and provides books to girls and socially discriminated ethnic groups up to lower secondary level. Public schools perform so bad, and parent opts to take their children to private schools. These schools may be establishment managed by charity organisations or companies and private schools operated by business-minded people in semi-furnished residencies.
The government, though it funds Nepal public schools, the schools cannot reach and maintain the expected educational quality standards, nor are they to address the needs of the society. The blame is on lack of funds, accountability, and too much of politicization in the educational sector.
Characteristics of Sound Education Systems
1. The best education system should focus on critical concepts, teach them in-depth at an early age, and ensure the student is in an excellent position to build their academic life.
2. Teachers should be highly prized. Most countries value doctors, engineers, lawyers and so forth. Teaching should be considered prestigious and hard to earn. The public and educationist should respect teachers since they know it is hard to become one.
3. It should put real value to what adds value to education. We overemphasise fancy technology. Training your teachers and developing curriculum will bring better results and yield positive effects across sectors over time, over fancy technology.
4. Offer remedial or attention to cases like special education to those who need it. Train teachers for special education aimed at overcoming exceptional issues and difficulties in learning. It can be taken partly in ordinary schools for the pupil to catch up with others or in a special school only.
5. It should encourage critical thinking. Encourage collaborative problem solving, explanations rather than straight answers and essays rather than multiple choice exams. It should seem practical and easily transferable from one stage to another.
6. Every system has shortcomings. The public should not refuse a sound system that answers the above needs just because of a few minor faults. There is no perfect system. The unions or the policymakers can handle some.
7. A sound education system should encourage the student to realise their talent. It should develop them as well. Books are essential, but the student should be made to learn that incorporating talent and following it can make one successful in life as well.
As much as there is no perfect education system, Nepal has a lot to consider if they are to compare with the British education system. Nepal is strategically placed between two major cities and superpower countries, India and China. It should take advantage to improve in most of their sectors, especially the economic life of its people. Education sector rarely grows when people are fighting poverty and diseases. Their political instability and lack of accountability play a significant role in making their education sector perform poorly. There is a severe need for conscious direct and indirect investment in their country aimed to bring positive results in the education sector. A performing education system provides solutions to more than half of the entire nation’s needs. Investing in training teachers and providing enough and quality resources in the education sector is a step towards establishing a robust, rich and respected country.
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– Himan is a Previous School Teacher in Nepal